Difference between branded and generic medicines

Generic medicines have the same active ingredients as brand name medicines and are just as effective but are usually less expensive.

SDCO Cum Licensing Authority,
Food and Drugs Administration, (FDA) Haryana, India.
Email ID: dahiya19@yahoo.com

When it comes to purchasing medication, you may come across the terms brand name and generic medicines.

The two types of medicines have significant differences in price, packaging, and quality. In this article, we will explore the differences between brand name and generic medicines.

What is a Brand Name Medicine?:

brand name medicine is a medication that has been manufactured and marketed by a pharmaceutical company under a specific brand name.

These medicines are usually protected by patents, which give the manufacturer exclusive rights to produce and sell the medication for a set period.

What is a Generic Medicine?:

generic medicine is a medication that has the same active ingredients as the brand name medicine, but it is not marketed under a specific brand name.

Generic medicines are usually less expensive than brand name medicines because they do not require the same amount of research and development costs as brand name medicines.

Differences Between Brand Name and Generic Medicines:

There are several differences between brand name and generic medicines. Here are some of the most common differences:


Brand name medicines are usually more expensive than generic medicines.

This is because the manufacturer of the brand name medicine has invested a significant amount of money in research development and marketing cost, while the manufacturer of the generic medicine has not.

Generic medicines are often sold at a fraction of the price of brand name medicines.


Brand name medicines are usually packaged in a specific way with the brand name of the medicine prominently along with manufacturer’s name, logo and list of active ingredients displayed.

Generic medicines are packaged in a more generic way, having no brand name only with the generic name of the medicine and its active ingredients listed on the label.


Brand name medicines often have a unique appearance, such as a particular color or shape. Generic medicines may look different from the brand name medicine, but they have the same active ingredients and are just as effective.


Marketing cost including cost of marketing staff for the branded medicines are high where these such marketing cost is almost zero on generic medicines.


Both brand name and generic medicines are required to meet the same standards for quality, safety, and effectiveness.

The Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) regulates both types of medicines to ensure they meet the same standards.


In summary, brand name medicines and generic medicines are both used to treat medical conditions.

Brand name medicines are usually more expensive than generic medicines, but they often have a unique appearance and packaging.

Generic medicines have the same active ingredients as brand name medicines and are just as effective but are usually less expensive.

When it comes to choosing between brand name and generic medicines, effectiveness of both the medicines are same.

Further, it’s important to consult with your healthcare provider to determine which medication is best for you.


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